I've given this some thought, and referenced the Commons Calendar and developed the following theory. I welcome feedback.
There are, like in the game Diplomacy, 5 seasons. My preference in the game is to differentiate two of them by using two names for the same season, as seen below.
1 - Spring
Length: 18-22 weeks
Time: end of January to early June
The most important season in politics, this is where ideas are created. The budget is presented in spring, and that is a great time for governments to get their new ideas out there, while opposition parties can and frequently do the same.
2 - Summer
Length: 10-14 weeks
Time: mid June to early September
Comparably, probably the "least" important season. In the summer the parties extend to the grassroots and try to raise funds and gladhandle the voters at BBQs and such events. This season is less important due to any changes it causes and more important in letting parties know how their strategies are playing out.
3 - Fall
Length: 3-5 weeks
time: mid September to mid October
The shortest season but one of the more important ones. Due to the feedback received in the summer, parties spend the Fall re-gearing. Governments will sometimes use these periods to present new throne speeches and mini-budgets that change course slightly in reaction to the worries and concerns of the people they met through the summer.
4 - Autumn
Length: 5-9 weeks
Time: late October to early December
If you want to watch a party at it's best, watch it during this period. The good new ideas have been fleshed out, and the bad ones have been flushed out. The feedback has been adjusted to and the game plan is at 100%. All team members know their job and with aces in their places it's all hands on deck. (I find buzzwords are abound in this period as well for some reason)
5 - Winter
Length: 5-8 weeks
Time: mid December to mid January
This season usually is one of the least important, but, is the most crucial. Canadians across the country tend to be a bit more social with their time off, less cross-country road trips and more dinners with the family. It's during these dinners that politics will sometimes come up. Canadians discuss amongst themselves their own feelings and sometimes realize that ideas they thought they had that were out of the mainstream are anything but.
In such a system, only the Spring and the Fall are considered political "seasons".
These seasons can be variable. You'll note the next election is on October 19th 2015. In 2015 I expect the first 3 seasons to all be short so that all parties can enter the election during the Autumn, when they are at their peak. It's thus no surprise that of provinces with fixed-election dates, 7 of them (SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NL, PE) have elections scheduled during the Fall or Autumn. Two of these provinces (SK, MB) have plans to switch to a Spring date if the feds remain on schedule; this would match Alberta and BC which have spring elections. It's no surprise that elections in the "idea" season are thus in places where we see growing economies (Western Canada)
I'm curious to hear some feedback on these ideas. Am I on to something? Am I a bit off? Am I way off?